How to Become a Police Officer | In-depth Guide (2021)

Do you know How to become a Police Officer? If your answer is “No” don’t worry because we will discuss all about the police in this guide.

We all have a lot of love and affection for our motherland and our country. We all want to serve our country in one way or the other.

Today we will talk about a civil service related to this. There are many civil services in our country. Those who cooperate in the development of our country.

What should be the qualification for ‘how to join the police‘. What are the positions of police? What is the salary of the police? So we will tell you about all these questions in detail here.

What is the Police?

This is the first phase of the protection of society. The police are called ‘Jan Rakshak‘ in Hindi. Our country’s policy is one of the largest police in the world.

Police is a team of people of the state department, which has been formed to, arrest criminals, to protect citizens and to maintain law, to save the life and property of a person and to prevent crime.”

Definition of police?

Eligibility to become Police Officer

To become a policeman one must have the following general qualifications.

1. To join the police, the candidate should have obtained citizenship of his country.

2. The candidate should be physically and mentally healthy.

3. The candidate should have passed 10+2 class 12.

4. All body parts should be safe and there should not be any type of disease in the body.

5. To join the police, the candidate’s eyes should be healthy.

6. Soles of feet should not touch the ground.

7. Knees of feet should be correct.

8. The weight of the candidate should be more than 40 kg.

Note-There are different posts for joining the police and each post has its different qualification Which is the following-

Eligibility for Police Constable

1. One should have a 12th pass to become a police constable.

2. Body Length

  • General category – 168 cm
  • OBC category – 157 cm
  • ST / SC category – 157 cm

3. Chest width

  • General category – 83 cm without puffing and 87 cm by inflating.
  • OBC category – 83 cm without bloating and 87 cm by inflating.
  • ST/SC category – 81 cm without flowering and 85 cm by inflating.

4‌. Age limit

For boys-

  • General category – 18-23 years.
  • OBC category – 18-28 years.
  • SC / SC category – 18-28 years.

For girls-

  • General category – 18-28 years.
  • OBC category – 18-33 years.
  • SC / ST category – 18-33 years.

✓The age limit for retired soldiers is 42 years.

5. Body race

For boys

To become a police constable, men have to run 5 km in 27 minutes.

For girls-

To become a police constable, women have to run 2.5 meters in 15 minutes.

Eligibility for Police Inspector / Sub-inspector

There are many posts in the police department, but not every post is applied. Normally, there is no direct process to go to those posts.

There is no direct process to become a police inspector, so to become a police inspector, first of all, you must become a sub-inspector. After promotion, you get the rank of Inspector.

1. One should have a 12th pass to become a police inspector.

2. To become a police inspector, a candidate should be a graduate of any discipline.

3. Body Length

For boys-

  • General category – 172 cm
  • OBC category – 169 cm
  • ST/SC category – 169 cm

For girls-

  • General category – 157 cm
  • OBC category – 152-155 cm
  • SC / ST category – 152-155 cm

4. Chest width

General category 83cm without puffing and 87cm without bloating.

OBC category- 83cm without puffing and 87cm without bloating.

ST/SC category- 81cm without puffing and 85cm after flowering.

5. The physical Race

For boys

To become a police sub-inspector, men have to run 5 km in 25 minutes.

For girls

To become a police sub-inspector, women have to run 2.5 meters in 13 minutes.

6. Long Jump

For Boys – 3.6 Meters (Attempts Three Times)
For Girls – 2.7 Meters (Attempts Thrice)

7. High Jump

For Boys – 1.2 Meters (Attempts Three Times)
For Girls – 0.9 Meters (Attempts Three Times)

8. Shot put

Only For Boys – 8 kg (16 LLB) weight 4.5m(Attempt three times).

9. To join the police, the candidate’s eyes should be healthy.
10. The soles of the feet should not touch the ground.
11. The knees of the feet should be right.
12. The weight of the candidate should be more than 40 kg.

How to become the Police

There is no direct procedure to become a police inspector. For this, the candidate has to first go to the post of Sub Inspector or Assistant Sub Inspector, after which the candidate can become an Inspector by promotion. Here is how to become a Police Inspector or Sub Inspector and Constable. All of them are given –

1. Pass Class 12

The first candidate to go to the police class from any stream from any recognized school. 12 have to pass.

2. Completion of graduation

To go to any major post, a candidate has to do graduation. Because only after graduation, a candidate can apply for a big post.

But the candidates preparing for the constable have no requirement for graduation.

3. Apply for Police

If the candidate has both these qualifications then he can apply online for Police. From time to time in the police, recruitment is done by UPSC, SSC CGL / SPS (State Police Service) Examination, in which the student can give entrance exam by applying. The application is made on the official websites of the police.

4. Passing the exam

To become a police candidate has to go through the following steps. After successfully passing all the stages, the candidate is appointed to the post of police.

Passing the Written Examination-

UPSC, SPS, or SSC CGL are arranged to take the exam after the application. It is a written test that brings objective questions which have to be done on the OMR sheet.

A total of 100 questions are asked in the examination, out of which each question is 0.60 marks and 0.15 marks are deducted if the question is wrong.

Passing the Physical Examination-

The candidate who has passed the written examination is called for the physical test. And there, physical length, chest width, long jump, high jump, ball throwing, physical race, etc. tests are taken. And all those tests have to be passed by the candidate.

After passing the written examination and physical examination, the candidate is interviewed, in which questions about the candidate and many topics are asked. In the interview, the intelligence of the candidate is checked and the ability of the candidate is seen, on the same basis, marks are awarded to the candidates.

Passing the Medical Examination-

After passing the interview, there is a medical exam in which the physical examination of the candidate is done, it is seen that there is no disease inside the candidate, his eyes are checked. His knees are checked. And some other tests are done. Only after clearing all these exams can the candidate go to the police.

5. Coming to merit

Even after clearnce all these exams, the name of the candidate should appear on the merit list.

Post of Police

There are two types of departments in the police too –

  1. Gazetted Officer
  2. Non-Gazetted Officer

Gazetted Officer

1. Director-General of Police-

Director-General of Police is the highest post in the police line. It is the largest post of police in a state. He enjoys the status equivalent to a cabinet minister. The entire state has responsibility for them.

His shoulders carry a national emblem and a sword and pole cross. And IPS is written on his shoulder.

The number plate of his government car has three ★★★ and his vehicle has a rectangular flag in the middle which consists of red and green colors.

2. Superintendent Director-General of Police-

This is the post of DGP, they are also considered equal to DGP because they are also responsible for the entire state and their identities are the same.

He also has a national emblem on his shoulder and a sword and cross of poles with IPS written on his shoulder.

The number plate of his government car has three ★★★ and his vehicle has a rectangular flag in the middle which consists of red and green colors.

3. Additional Director General of Police-

It is the post of SDGP, it handles any major function of a state. Their position is very high and they can also work in their place at the behest of DIG.

His shoulder carries a national emblem and a sword and a cross symbol of a stick. And IPS is written on his shoulder.

His government car’s number plate also has three ★★★ and his vehicle has a rectangular flag in the middle which consists of red and green colours.

4. Inspector-General of Police-

IG keeps an eye on the administrative functions of a state and it is the state-level police in charge giving all this information to the officer above him.

IG has one ★ and a sword and a cross of shoulders and has IPS written on his shoulder.

His government car’s number plate has two ★★ and his car has a flag in the middle which has red and green colors.

5. Deputy Inspector General of Police-

Above these are the responsibility of some districts, they handle those special districts where law and order are weak. And they follow the orders given by their officials in the state.

He has a national emblem and three ★★★ on his shoulder and IPS is written on the shoulder.

His government car has an ★ on the number plate and there is a triangular flag in the middle of his car. Which consists of red and green.

6. Senior Superintendent of Police-

This is the post below the DIG. The Senior Superintendent of Police is the in-charge of any one district and he is also called the captain who works according to the magistrate and supervisor and is informed about the activities of the district

The SSP has a national emblem and two ★★ on its shoulder and IPS is written on the shoulder.

They do not have any government car.

Note- SSP is also called DCP. DCP is in the metro city, ie the district where the metro runs, where SSP is called DCP, and in other districts, it is called SSP.

7. Superintendent of Police-

The Superintendent of Police is from a district that together with the DM manages the district’s law and order and helps the DM.

His shoulder has a national emblem and ★ is written IPS.

8. Assistant Superintendent of Police-

It is almost equal to the rank of Superintendent of Police, it also looks after the law and order of a district and helps the DM handle law and order.

His shoulder has a national emblem and IPS is written on the shoulder.

Note- ASP is also called ACP. ACP are in Metro City where ASP is called ACP and in other districts, it is called ASP.

9. Deputy Superintendent of Police-

He oversees the work of Assistant Commissioner and SHO of a district, he is in charge of a large police station area of ​​the district, and also has some other posts.

His shoulder has three ★★★ and the name of the state in which he works is written on the shoulder.

Note- The posts in the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police and above are ★ silver-colored while the posts from Police Inspector to the bottom ★ are golden-colored.

Non-Gazetted Officer

10. Inspector-
A police inspector is an inspector or a police officer of a police station. This is the highest post of the police station. Its function is to maintain law and order in the area under the police station.

The police inspector has three ★★★ shoulders and two bars under his star are red and blue (||)

11. Assistant Inspector-

This is the rank below the inspector and above the sub-inspector and their work is like an inspector.

His shoulder has three ★★★ and also a red colour (|) bandage.

•This post is only in Maharashtra, it is not in other states.

12. Sub Inspector-

This is below the rank of Police Inspector, it is in charge of a police station, it is in charge of a police station. They are usually investigating officers.

They have two ★★ on their shoulders and two stripes under their star are red and blue (||).

13. Assistant Sub-Inspector-

All this is the post below the inspector, his task is to control his staff, present criminal cases in the court, and deploy the police on duty. They have one ★ and two straps red and blue (||).

14. Head Constable-

The task of the head constable is to prepare a list of the culprits, inform the sensitive case to his office, and control his other soldiers.

There are three straight stripes (|||) on their shoulders, which are yellow or white. But in Maharashtra, the Star Head Constable does not have shoulders but three yellow arrows («‹) like arms in their arms.

15. Senior Constable-

His post is after the chief constable, he makes compromises among the people and prepares documents for it, prepares reports etc.

There are two straight yellow strips (||) in their shoulders. But in Maharashtra, instead of the constable of the Senior Constable, there are two yellow-colored arrows («) in their arms.

16. Constable-

This police department is the smallest post. Its functions are data entry, reprography, photography, cartography, and securing evidence against criminals.

There is a straight band (|) in their yellow shoulders. But in Maharashtra, the head constable does not have a straight line but his arms have a yellow-colored arrow (‹).

Pay Scale-

The salary of each post of each state is different, so here both the maximum and minimum salary of each post was mentioned. And this salary can also be changed from time to time-

Sl. No. Post of
Police
Pay Scale
1.DGP225000 – 315000
2.SDGP215000 – 305000
3.ADGP254000 – 285000
4.IG144200 – 202000
5.DIG131000 – 183000
6.SSP118000 – 150000
7.SP 78000 – 110000
8.ASP67000 – 94000
9.DSP 61000 – 78000
10.Inspector45000 – 60000
11.Assistant Inspector43000 – 55000
12.Sub-Inspector35400 – 48000
13.Assi. Sub-inspector30500 – 37000
14.Head Constable25000 – 27000
15.Senior Constable21000 – 27000
16.Constable18000 – 22000

Conclusion-

We all know that getting a police job is not easy, but with a little effort, one can get a police job.

Police and security organization is the team whose job is to protect people and support them, become support in adverse situations, etc.

Therefore, protecting society by becoming a policeman plays a very important step in improving society. I believe that after becoming a policeman, you will perform your duty with full sincerity.

by Editorial Staff
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